The following is a comprehensive list of general travel advice specifically tailored to backpack/hostelers and the Euro zone. However, I believe no matter where you are traveling or what approach you will be taking, you'll find a lot of good - and some unique information below.
Notify your bank & credit card company - Credit Card companies have a number of checks in place to help protect you from fraud. Unfortunately, these checks can be a real nightmare if you forget to notify your bank/CC company that you'll be leaving the country. Make sure to call and notify them that you'll be traveling. Make sure to provide dates you'll be gone as well as the countries you expect to visit. There is nothing worse than trying to get a replacement credit card company while on the road.
Choose the right card - You're going to pay a currency penalty no matter what you do. However, how much you end up paying can vary widely. Almost all credit cards charge a foreign transaction fee. These fees vary, but are often as much as 3%. What percentage they charge varies from card to card and from bank to bank. Make sure to find out which of your credit cards gives you the best deal. The same goes for bank ATMs and debit card use. Find out what the fee is, and what type of ATM's are in your banks extended networks. Many travelers unwittingly spend $6+ on fees for every $100 in purchases or cash withdrawals they make.
Currency Exchanges - I avoid these if at all possible. By using ATMs and following the advice I've outlined for reducing ATM fees I'm able to get the best currency exchange rate possible. Exchange booths are expensive and take a fee. They also tend to give outdated currency numbers. When you use an ATM to withdraw funds you will typically receive a better, more up to date, fairer exchange rate.
Travelers Checks and Money Transfers - Travelers checks are huge in the movies, and so are money transfers. In reality though, these are two things are expensive and inconvenient. I typically use Visa/MasterCard credit cards/ATM cards while traveling and have never had an issue. Research the countries you'll be visiting and figure out what cards are commonly used. In most cases credit cards or cash will be far more welcome than travelers checks.
Xeroxing important information - Few things are more inconvenient than losing or having your passport, important documents and/or credit cards stolen. Take the 5 minutes to copy the photo page of your passport, and both sides of your credit cards. Make two copies. One to stash somewhere obscure in your backpack and one to leave with your stateside contact. Remember, to keep a close eye on the xerox copies - they're a great asset if you lose the originals, but can also be used to steal your identity if they get into the wrong hands.
Blog from the road - Do yourself and your friends and family a huge favor. Set up a blog before you leave. It's free, easy and a great way to update friends and family. Sure, you can send a postcard out - but why not give them the chance to share your adventures with you? I highly recommend using Wordpress - you can get a free, hosted Wordpress blog at Wordpress.com. In addition to saving you from writing 10-15 separate e-mails to friends and family, a trip blog creates a journal which you'll be incredibly greatful for as you reminisce about your trip a year or two from now. Be descriptive and share your adventures - it's a wonderful gift to friends, family and yourself. Internet cafe's are common place on the road and the hour every day or two you'll need to write an update can be a welcome rest period. Don't know what to write? Check out some of my past travel posts from the road.
Resources - There are a lot of wonderful travel communities out there. It's somewhat newer but TBEX or Travel Blog Exchange is a wonderful way of finding fantastic travel blogs and connecting with experienced travelers. If you've got a question or are looking for ideas - I highly recommend perusing their members lists. Need other sites or resources? Just let me know and I'll be happy to point you in the right direction.
Vitamins - Yeah, yeah I know. It's basic. However, it's something commonly overlooked. When you're traveling - especially if you've just started the trip, vitamin intake is a lifesaver. It's not enough to just take your daily vitamin. Keep in mind that you're exposed to a whole spread of new foods, new germs, and are temporarily drastically changing your lifestyle. During the first 3 days of any trip I double up on my multi-vitamins with a heavy focus on making sure I have a very high B vitamin intake. B vitamins are fantastic, they'll give you more energy, improve your metabolism and help repair the added strain/damage your body is taking. I'm also a huge fan of anything with amino-acids in it. Especially if you're doing a lot of foot based touring. One great source is products like EmergenC. It has B vitamins, Amino Acids and a boatload of Vitamin C all in one hit. Sure they say it doesn't work, but I call baloney. 2 or 3 of those a day and you'll be doing yourself a huge favor.
Hydrate - Sure, drinking water is common advice...but it's a pain so most people don't do it. Big mistake - especially if you want to reduce jet lag. Sure, it's difficult to know when your next bathroom break will be, but do yourself a favor - amp up your water intake and skip the soda/carbonated beverages for a few days. Taking your vitamins and staying hydrated will keep your body much healthier, improve recovery time, and increase the resilience of your immune system. Getting chapped lips or peeling cuticles? Drink more water - you're dehydrated.
Timing is important - In my experience one major element that contributes to jet lag is that of mental adjustment. If you're traveling trans Atlantic make sure to set your watch forward as soon as you board the plane. Use the 14 hour flight to adjust mentally instead of spending 14 hours in flux and then trying to adjust once you've arrived. Once you're on that plane operate exclusively on destination time and try not to think about what time it is at your point of origin. It sounds silly, but it makes a huge difference.
Leave the suitcase at home - Even if you aren't planning to "backpack" in the conventional sense of the word, ditch the suitcases and trade them in for a quality backpack. A suitcase with wheels is all well and good, but 8 out of 10 times those wheels will only be useful 5-10% of the time. A backpack is effective 100% of the time. It also encourages you to pack more effectively. Wearing the pack also gives you increased security but more on that later. There are cheap options out there, the blue pack in the video's I've attached below cost $45 and was from Walmart.
Keep the straps in mind - The one downside to a backpack is the need to protect the straps and clips. A lot of newer backpacks have zip up covers which allow you to protect your straps when traveling by bus, plane or train. If yours doesn't you might consider purchasing a small, cheap duffel bag which you can roll up and strap to the outside of the backpack while traveling. This also makes securing your bag in hostels or hotels significantly easier.
Roll your clothing - Folding may be all well and good for a suitcase, but it's terribly inefficient and can result in badly wrinkled clothing. A far better option is to tightly roll your clothing. It naturally eliminates a lot of the oxygen which takes up spare space, allows for easier access to your clothing, and allows you to fit significantly more into the same space. Don't just roll pants and shirts though! Make sure to roll it all, towels, jackets, boxers and sweaters!
Bulky items - Inevitably I find most people (myself included) lose a lot of space to 2 or 3 bulky items. Sometimes it's unavoidable - let's face it, jackets are big and puffy. However, usually at least one of the items isn't actually necessary.
Towel time - Ditch the bulky bath towel. There's only one way to go when traveling - microfiber travel towels. I've been using PackTowl Personal for years and love them. They dry quickly, are soft, are incredibly absorbent, and roll up to take virtually no space. To top it all off, you can get what you need for less than $20.
Pants and shirts - Take whatever you've packed and halve it. You don't need to take a weeks worth of outfits with you. In fact, I can tell you right now you've over packed. If you are not 110% confident that you'll need and wear the items you're packing multiple times, don't pack them. Have more than two pairs of pants? You shouldn't. More than 4 t-shirts? Time to axe a few.
Power converters - It's often a lot easier to get these once you reach your destination. However, don't rule out picking up converter plugs before your trip if you know where you're going.
Bags & shoelaces - Sure, you can get them at any time during your trip but I highly suggest throwing an old pair of shoelaces into your bag, a plastic shopping bag, and a few Ziplocs of differing sizes. Think of these as your traveler's duct tape. You never know how or when it'll come in useful. Example: While exploring the Scottish isle of Skye we spent a day in nasty light rain and strong winds...not enough to keep us inside, but enough to damage any non-waterproof camera. Luckily I had a ziploc bag on hand and was able to create a waterproof case for the camera. The result? A bunch of amazing photos I would have otherwise completely missed out upon.
Super Glue - I'd suggest only purchasing this when needed to avoid having it explode in your bag. That said, Super Glue is phenomenal for quick on-the-road repairs. I've used it on multiple occasions to reinforce ripped seems on my backpack/bags/shoulder straps, on small cuts and as a quick way to make other general repairs.
Footwear - Two fundamental sets of footwear you'll need for any trip. The first is a good pair of shoes walking/hiking shoes. I've been using Keen's Men's Targhee II for years because I love the fit, price and support. Make sure the shoe fits, can be worn in a variety of settings and is light enough for days spent exploring cobblestone streets but capable of slugging through rural highland mountains. Make sure to try them on in a store before you buy. Find one that works? I saved $30 by ordering the shoe off Amazon.
The second piece of footwear you shouldn't be caught without is a pair of plastic shower thongs/sandals. Make these as cheap as possible. All you want is a basic, plastic $2 pair that drys fast. You do NOT want a nice pair of sandals and definitely should avoid sandals with leather.
Flip Video Camera - Recording your trip is always a challenge, especially as a hosteler/backpacker. You need something portable, affordable but still high enough quality that the video is worthwhile. The new line of portable video cameras are great. In late 2008 I shot the two packing videos below with a first generation Flip Ultra. I liked the product so much that i've since upgraded to the Flip UltraHD Camcorder which records up to 2 hours, has better audio quality and shoots in HD. The cameras range in price, but the top of the line versions run right around $200. They're the size of a cellphone and work beautifully for capturing video - most people think they're a cellphone.
Here are two videos from my last trip - a December voyage to Spain. The videos illustrate the rolled packing technique and provide a step by step walk through of things I took with me. Note: Despite going out of my way to pack light, i still over packed:
Not your parent's hostels - The modern Euro hostel is totally different than what the movies and old stories have probably led you to believe. Most are clean, modern, and have fantastic amenities. In fact, it's not uncommon for hostels to provide communal kitchens, en suite bathrooms, free/charge internet access and all sorts of organized events. Heck, believe it or not - a lot actually have on site bars! Oh, and the whole - bring your own sheets or a sleeping bag? Not anymore! In fact, leave the sleeping bag and spare sheets at home. In order to prevent bed bugs and for health reasons mainstream hostels now provide linens and in most cases prohibit you from using your own. One thing to be prepared for (and personally i think it's a huge asset) is mixed sex dorm rooms. While almost all hostels provide female only rooms, the vast majority offer the majority of their rooms in mixed gender dorm form.
Booking - Depending on what time of the year you're traveling, you might want to book ahead. Regardless, you'll want to do some research (no better way to avoid bad experiences and bedbugs). There are three fantastic resources for booking and research. The first (and largest) is hostelworld.com The site allows easy booking and has a huge database of user submitted reviews which are invaluable. Slightly smaller, but equally valuable is hostelbookers.com. A third and relatively newcomer to the hostel database/online booking industry is industry travel site bootsnall.com. Keep in mind that it's sometimes possible to get a discount rate by booking with the hostel directly, and that many hostels have an extra cache of beds available (so even if one of these sites isn't showing availability - sometimes another will have access to vacant beds).
For those of you traveling in Europe - one word of caution about Hosteling International hostels. HI was one of the first major hosteling groups and still clings to the outdated hostel model. A lot of their hostels have lockouts, group showers, charge extra for linens and are dirty. They are most prevalent in Italy where hosteling outside of major tourist destinations can be tricky.
Lockouts - Most hostels have abandoned the lockout model, but you'll still find some shoddy ones that have lockouts. When booking online always make sure to check if a hostel has lockouts before you book. The standard lockout process means that the hostel locks the front doors during the day and late at night. For example, a standard lockout would be from 10AM-4PM and from 11Pm to 6AM.
Basic hostel etiquette - There are basic rules. I'll cover them in greater depth in a different post, but here are four main ones to keep in mind.
*Noise - you are sharing a room with a number of strangers. Be respectful. If you know you'll be returning late in the evening, or leaving early in the morning make sure to pre-pack/unpack. Most hostels have 24/7 receptions. That means you'll have the option of getting back at all hours of the night. Follow the golden rule.
*The light switch - after 11PM the lights stay off with few exceptions. Sure, you can turn them on, but unless the room is empty or your party makes up the sole occupants - do whatever you need to do in the dark. Same principle as with noise applies - have your stuff ready and easily accessible. If you slap the lights on at 3AM in a drunken stupor, you're going to look like an idiot and make a lot of enemies very quickly.
*Clean up after yourself - hostels are usually staffed by other travelers. If you're lucky enough to stay at one with a kitchen or common area, don't leave a mess and then walk away. There's no housecleaning and there's no maid - that's why you're paying pennies on the dollar for the room. When you leave a mess, you're punishing everyone else.
*Be friendly and inclusive - One of the best parts of hosteling is all of the people you meet. Don't be bashful when it comes to reaching out to fellow travelers, and make an added effort to invite your fellow hostelers to tag along. Don't worry, it's not weird to ask a perfect stranger if they want to head over to the nearby market with you.
Internet Cafes - There was a time when taking a trip meant complete disconnect from the rest of the world. Of late, it's become common for travelers to travel with laptops, mobile phones, and other similar peripherals leaving them connected in ways previously unimaginable. However, some of us enjoy a happy medium. If you're planning on traveling and are worried about staying connected, but don't want to take a laptop - don't worry. Internet cafes are significantly more common in Europe than the U.S. and Canada. Rates are also typically very affordable (In Europe they range from 1-3 Euro an hour in most locations). Keep in mind, however, that the connection quality can vary widely. Also, it's not uncommon to find internet cafes that are running specialized software which at times restrict the use of peripherals (Double check that you'll be able to connect and access your camera before you settle in).
A locker lock - Security in hostels is fairly lax and can take some getting used to. That said, there's seldom need to worry. Most hotels, however, provide security lockers for your gear and/or valuables. The standard approach is to provide a locker (think back to your high school days). Lockers are typically associated with your bed and are present in the room. I've seen them in all different shapes and forms - from metal, to wood, to enclosed caged racks. One thing is always the same though: you provide your own lock should you decide to use one. For this reason it's advisable to pick up a small but study lock that will fit a wide variety of locker types. I used a small luggage lock and very rarely had any issues. Be mindful that larger, sturdier locks may not always fit. It's also important to note, that some hostels also provide in room, programmable safes. These are a luxury and convenience, but also a growing trend. Typically an electronic key card is provided when safes are available.
Don't stand still - Know that annoying guy at the airport or on the subway that just won't stand still? Sure, he won't stop moving or pacing and it's a bit annoying, but it's also a fantastic way to avoid pick pockets. Train yourself to perpetually move, even if it's as simple as shifting your weight from side to side. By randomly moving and not standing perfectly still, you'll make yourself a more challenging target. Thieves and pickpockets will have to deal with a moving target, and risk bumping you - both of which increase the chances that you'll be alerted to their presence. No need to pace, but a little minor motion can go a long way to helping discourage criminal fingers.
Abandon your back pockets - I love to wear jeans when I'm traveling and as a guy I've always got a wallet on me. Like most guys my wallet is usually in my back right pocket and fairly bulky. When I hit the road though it takes the place of my car keys in my front pocket, where I've trained myself to casually brush my hand on a regular basis. My back pockets? Reserved for things like maps, bulky papers, fliers, and random tickets. I like keeping my maps in my back pockets (folded) because it adds the appearance of bulk/a wallet without endangering valuables.
Photo & Video backup CDs - Any time I'm on an extended trip I'm always paranoid about losing my photos and videos. What if my camera gets stolen or the memory card dies? Most camera stories have digital development kiosks. For less than $10 and 15 minutes you can usually create a back up DVD with all of your photos on it. Or if you're game to do a bit more work, you can usually save a few dollars by burning your own DVD at a local computer cafe. I suggest making backups every 4-700 photos. One thing to definitely keep in mind - don't delete the photos after burning the backup. DVDs scratch fairly easily, especially while traveling. Keep the DVD as a backup - not - as a replacement. Hopefully you'll never need it, but if you do - it sure beats losing your images, or the quality loss that occurs when you try and re-download photos you posted to facebook.
Travel Cards - Websites like Facebook and Twitter have made keeping in touch with fellow travelers much easier. Add e-mail into the mix and you've got a pretty cool tool to keep in touch with the amazing people you meet during your trip. However, it's often difficult to track each other down/get accurate contact information. I can't tell you how many people I missed out on keeping in touch with because i couldn't read their handwriting or the note I'd written on a random scrap of paper had gotten smeared. Consider creating travel cards - basically business cards - but to share with fellow travelers. You can get 250 business cards for 20 minutes and $20 or less through staples or another similar service (cheaper options online). Things to include: Your name, blog url, twitter url, e-mail, website, and if you can shorten it - the link to your Facebook profile.
Airfare - There's a lot more to getting a great rate than just booking in advance. I've found that airfare tends to spike about 30 days before the departure date. Also, conventional wisdom is to try and book on a Tuesday or Wednesday if at all possible - and in my experience this still holds true. If you're flexible and looking for a great deal I suggest utilizing airfare search sites like Kayak.com. I've done very well by signing up for an account and running flexible date searches. Don't stop there though, most people check once - then book. That's a major oops (airfare typically fluctuates hundreds of dollars from day to day). If you've got time, set up several searches to airports in the area/region you want to explore and for different dates, then sign up for their (free) daily e-mail updates for each. Once a day you'll receive an e-mail with the current airfare and the $ change from the previous day. Monitoring prices this way works well, but you need to be ready to book when you see a great deal.
Another thing to keep in mind is specials. Airlines are always operating specials of some sort or another. Usually these are only so-so deals, but with a little research and patience you can usually find a fantastic deal. Sites like TravelZoo.com and Airfarewatchdog.com typically provide a good summary of current airfare specials. It's also important to note that you should not limit yourself to the airlines that immediately come to mind. A lot of travelers (especially North Americans) forget about the wealth of high quality foreign airlines. These airlines are almost always extremely safe, usually offer better service than domestic airlines and can be much cheaper.
Discount Airlines - Don't forget your discount airlines. The quality is usually rough, and you've gotta do your research to make sure you don't get stuck paying any number of random fees - but the price is usually right. If you can book a day or two ahead discount airlines like EasyJet and RyanAir are typically cheaper and faster than long distance train rides. Keep in mind they also lack the amazing cross country view that train and bus rides offer. If you're flying with a discount airline read up ahead of time. They typically fly into 2ndary airports which can result in costly/timely commutes between the airport-actual city if you're not prepared. For a complete list of budget airlines world wide check out whichbudget.com.
Rail - When available travel by rail is an excellent option. It is scenic, relatively comfortable and in western Europe typically drops you off in the heart of the old city. Faster and more comfortable than bus travel, rail travel is typically also somewhat more expensive. If you're traveling to eastern Europe be aware that bus travel is probably a better option as countries like Greece and Croatia have poor rail infrastructure. When buying rail tickets you typically have 3 options. You can purchase online, in advance or the day of. Online and advanced tickets are typically significantly cheaper. Also, most countries have regional trains that while slower moving are 2-3 times cheaper than the faster commuter trains. Conventional travel wisdom is to use a rail pass - do your research. Rail passes are no longer as good a deal as they once were - many countries (eg: Italy) charge seat reservation fees which can cost more than a lone ticket would. That said, in countries like Germany where rail travel is significantly more expensive, a rail pass can save you a lot of money. Another must explore site is seat61.com which has a lot of general information for those considering rail travel.
Bus - Far from the most comfortable way to travel, buses are a cheaper and still pleasant option. It is not uncommon for long distance buses to have bathrooms and many are equipped with ceiling mounted T.V.s providing entertainment. If you've got extra time or are traveling in eastern European countries bus travel is a fantastic option and will give you a great view of local villages and rural countrysides. The air conditioning can be a bit rough, but it's also a great way to interact with and meet natives.
*Special thank you to Cody Paris for the ongoing suggestions and feedback he has contributed.
**The following post is contributed by Alex Berger of
Have a question or tip of your own? Also, please note that I will be constantly adding new tips and tricks as well as updated information to the original version of this blog post on VirtualWayfarer.com